Sacred Places North America: 108 Destinations
Popular travel writer Brad Olsen examines the mystery and awe of our planet's most sacred places. From places of pilgrimmage to ancient temples, discover the many spots on the physical planet where earth energy emanates. Includes travel information and Strange Universe. Buy Online : Sacred Places 1st ed.
Read the epic collection of classic travel tales in Brad Olsen's first anthology. Buy Online : In Search of Adventure. Lazy sunsets and leisurely cruises are for milksops, according to Brad Olsen. The adrenaline rush is what he seeks, what he knows all about, and what he sets before you in Extreme Adventures Northern California. He tells you at the outset that his book is not for wimps or prima donnas--some degree of physical fitness is required, but just as important is a willing frame of mind.
Sacred Places North America
Buy Online : Extreme Northern California. For Hawaii travelers this book is enough adventure to make your hair stand on end! Campgrounds and hostels replace hotels and restaurants as we read about hang-gliding from the 13,foot summit of Mauna Loa. We follow Olsen to Molokai and bike-hike 'dress to get dirty' on cliffs, past volcanic rock and sheer drops no guard rails to thundering waterfalls. Buy Online : Extreme Hawaii.
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Evidence is now being established that Egyptian and Phoenician traders from the Mediterranean, Celtic sailors of Spain, Basque explorers, Irish monks and the Scandinavia Norse were also North American colonizers, primarily in the regions of eastern Canada and New England. A much older migration may have occurred when survivors from the legendary conti nent of Atlantis arrived about 50, years ago. All of these early arrivals would have blended genetically with the indigenous people over time. When modern European explorers reached the North American continent in the early 14 th century, the Historic or Modern Period in the Americas began.
In Hawaii the first contact with Europeans came in the late 16 th century.
The introduction of guns, germs and steel were utterly new concepts to the native populations, and the changes brought to their age old lifestyles were profound and, almost without exception, disastrous. The highly controversial theory that Caucasians traveled to America before, after, or contemporaneously with the Bering Straits migration is not without detractors.
For one, it would diminish the special position held by the aboriginal people of North America that they are the only true "Native Americans. The persistent view of most "old school" historians that North America was not contacted anytime before Columbus, fails to take into account even the most basic evidence.
Beyond the hard proof, there have been many justifications to keep these theories under reported and out of the history books. The first was a dilemma for biblical scholars who literally interpreted the Scriptures of the Old Testament, which describes the settlement of only three continents after Noah's flood. Either the Scriptures were wrong, or the aboriginal people of North America did not exist. Another justification was legal ownership. Certainly the Native Americans were here first, but by regarding them as "uncivilized savages," the new settlers were able to feel warranted in taking over the land they occupied.
But what if there were prior European settlements in North America before the pilgrims of the Mayflower? This presents a much greater dilemma. If historians acknowledged such a presence, European powers from Scandinavia to Ireland to Spain could all have claimed legal ownership of the New World that was actively being estab lished in North America by the British and French. Not only that, but earlier con quests would belittle the feats of modern explorers, especially the "discoverers" of North America who loaned their name to the many places of their conquest and influence.
Such motivations would have been ample reason for 19 th and 20 th century historians, as well as modern Native American special interest groups, to suppress and deny any evidence of previous European settlements or exploratory incursions into the continent. New evidence indicates that the first Caucasians in North America were either killed in open warfare with the Indians, or more likely were absorbed into what became the numerically dominant Native American groupings. The successive waves of Caucasians in America therefore disappeared, presumably with their culture, through a long process of racial integration and warfare, leaving behind only tan talizing clues such as skeletons, tools, weapons, petroglyphs, earthworks, language fragments, stone structures, runic writings, and genealogical anomalies as evidence of their existence.
The sacred places they utilized must be fully explained and inte grated into this survey. As would happen with anyone who endeavors to present an all inclusive survey of prehistoric as well as historic and modern sacred sites in North America, these anomalies can sometimes be central to establishing a location long out of use. Sometimes the "spirit of the place" lingers on and deserves mention, no matter how inconvenient it may be to others. I have endeavored to do so with a straightfor ward approach by presenting each leading theory objectively.
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I fully expect those who conduct surveys similar to mine to be objective as well. If this is done, useful insights will be gained, which might be applied to the betterment of all.
Sacred Places North America: 108 Destinations (Sacred Places: 108 Destination) [Idioma Inglés]
Why the Number ? Numbers, it can be argued, carry as much significance as letters. Numbers convey a different method of communication altogether, forming the basis for commerce and all the sciences.
Numbers are deeply rooted in many cultural traditions, often times contemporary with a civilization's original literary works. Such is the case with the number in most East Asian religious cultures. To them, the number is associated with the precessionary cycles of Earth and the cosmos above.
If a Buddhist or Hindu pilgrim can endure a trip to the most sacred mountain in Asia, the inhospitable Mount Kailash on the Tibetan Plateau, that seeker is on a true path to nirvana. Mapping the Sacred The artistic technique of illustrating maps or charts is called cartography. The information contained on maps was a highly protected secret in ancient times.
Not until the 19 th century did the physical properties of the planet at last become 23 Sacred places North America common knowledge. In antiquity the best cartographers were usually travelers themselves, studying shorelines, weather patterns and mountain ranges; trying to accurately convey their knowledge in maps for other explorers and sea captains by way of contrast.
Amerigo Vespucci, the man who loaned his first name to identify ing the continents of the New World, was an 'Age of Discovery" cartographer who put his prominent signature over the landmass of North America. Following the age old tradition of cartography being passed on from mapmaker to mapmaker, my maps are hand drawn based on other source maps. I could have completely created the maps digitally, but I feel the hand drawn look better enhances my text and adds a personal touch. I designed them to look like they are out of a field notebook, and in some cases they were!
Usually I worked on the text, maps, and illustrations simultaneously during production, going from one to the other when new information was collected. I included many additional minor sacred sites that I was not able to include with the described sites in the text. I eliminated some modern cities and highways unless they were necessary to add for point of reference.
I desire to include an eclectic assemblage of maps reflect ing the long heritage of diverse cultures in North America. Some of the theories I present may be offensive to some groups, or may be ridiculed as outrageous nonsense. Atlantis survivors or ancient Mediterranean seafarers coming to North America thousands of years before Columbus may seem farfetched, but there is evidence suggesting that these early migrants may be a part of North American prehistory.
When paranormal experiences such as ghosts, UFOs and Bigfoot sightings are associated with a sacred place, they too are mentioned.
Lest we forget it is the message that is important, not the messenger. I see myself as that messenger; the scribe who collects a wide range of relevant data and distills it into a comprehensive volume. I realize there are vested interests in keeping some of the information presented out of a book like this, but like a defendant who is presumed innocent before being proven guilty, new theories also need their day in court.
I respectfully ask the reader to be the judge and jury in this case by carefully considering all sides to the various theories presented in this volume, and to formulate his or her own conclusions. The rugged terrain is ideal for small land reptiles, clumps of cactus, and dry scrub forests of juniper and pinon trees.
Much of the region is semi arid and seemingly devoid of life, but this makes it a land of stark contrasts and impressive scenery. Bisecting the entire region, the flowing waters of the Colorado River carved the Grand Canyon more than a mile 1. Like a long series of cascading steps from north to south, starting at an elevation over 5, feet 1, m , expansive flat topped tablelands break off into steep edges known as mesas and feature the spectacular stand alone rock formations called buttes that can resemble the shape of a cathedral or ghost ship.
This fantastical landscape was carved by the elements of wind, rain, volcanic activity and flow ing water erosion over many millennia. The climate occasionally changed during the long march of time, with some periods being wetter and allowing a wider proliferation of life. Only from the point of view of norteamericanos, the Spanish word for people north of Mexico, is the southwestern region of the United States known as the "Southwest.
Prehistoric Mexican influence can be found in the architectural style of Southwestern cliff dwellings, pottery, ball courts, kivas, trade items, irrigation channels for the cultivation of corn, and the large central plazas in more urbanized communities.